More than 10% of all couples worldwide are infertile. For many of them, this is a great disappointment and some of the lifelong psychological trauma. In the past, medicine had had very little opportunity to help these people. Today, the situation is completely different. In vitro fertilization (IVF) is an approved treatment when sperm and eggs cannot meet inside the body.
What is IVF? Formation of IVF
Robert Edwards was awarded the 2010 Nobel Prize for the development of in vitro fertilization (IVF) in humans. His achievements have helped treat infertility, a medical problem, in a large proportion of the human population, accounting for more than 10% of all married couples worldwide.
As early as the 1950s, Edwards thought that IVF could be useful as a treatment for infertility. He systematically worked towards his goal, discovering the principles important to human fertilization and successfully completing cell fertilization. human eggs in vitro (or more precisely, cell culture dishes). His efforts finally came to fruition on July 25, 1978, when the world’s first “test tube baby” was born. Over the ensuing years, Edwards and his colleagues refined IVF technology and shared it with colleagues around the world.
Compare steps of natural insemination and artificial insemination
Natural insemination can be summarized as follows:
– Ovulation (Ovulation)
IVF includes the following steps:
* Source: https://www.nobelprize.org/…/medicine/2010/press-release/
- Fertilize /ˈfɝː.t̬əl.aɪz/ (v): fertilization
– Once an egg is fertilized by the sperm, it becomes a zygote.
(Once an egg is fertilized by sperm, it becomes a zygote.)
- Fertilization /ˌfɝː.t̬əl.əˈzeɪ.ʃən/ (n.): Fertilization
– The pill is designed to suppress ovulation and prevent fertilization.
(This pill was made to inhibit oocyte release and prevent fertilization.)
- Fertility (n.): Fertility, fertility
Antonym infertility /ˌɪn.fɚˈtɪl.ə.t̬i/ (n.): Infertility.
– It is thought that environmental toxins are destroying fertility.
(It is thought that toxins from the environment are damaging fertility.)
– Male / female infertility: male / female infertility.
- Fertile /ˈfɝː.t̬əl/ (adj): capable of fertilization, fertility
Antonym infertile /ɪnˈfɝː.t̬əl/ (adj): inability to conceive, reproduce
– People get less fertile as they get older.
(Humans become less fertile as they get older.)
- In intro / ˌɪn ˈviː.troʊ / (adj): takes place outside the living body, inside the experimental tool
Antonyms: in vivo / ˌɪn ˈviː.voʊ / (adj): takes place inside the organism.
- Culture / ˈkʌl · tʃər / (n.) Cultured in an artificial medium for scientific purposes
– Cell culture is the process by which cells are grown under controlled conditions, generally outside their natural environment.
(Cell culture is the process by which cells grow under controlled conditions, generally outside their natural environment.)
- Implantation /ˌɪm.plænˈteɪ.ʃən/ (n.): Implantation, implantation into the endometrium of a fertilized egg.
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