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Unit 3 – Writing task 1

According to statistics, the Task 1 topic is most likely to fall into the chart types that focus on numbers: bar chart, line graph, pie chart and table. In these types of cards, we focus on describing changes or unchanged numbers. So one of the most important vocabulary topics for this test is how to speak increase/decrease of the data.

In the most basic form, we have a double increase (increase) and decrease (decrease). Anyone taking the IELTS must know these 2 words. However, one more thing that everyone taking the IELTS must know is to avoid as much as possible repeat word. In an essay of 10-15 sentences in Task 1, you have to show a wide range of vocabulary, which also means you have to know more than one way to say a word. So, what other ways do we describe rising and falling?

1. Increase

Interestingly, other words to describe increase/decrease and even more “advanced” than increase/decrease are simple verbs that we are exposed to when we first learn English. Specifically, these are verbs that indicate upward movement, such as:

Climb (climb)

How to describe the increase and decrease in IELTS writing task 1 - climb

Sunrise (rise)

Rise (sunrise) in the description of the rise and fall of ielts writing task 1

The elevator goes up (escalate <= comes from slowly the elevator is escalator)

Escalator going up escalateDeparting from the elevator is the escalator for ielts writing task 1

Or simply go up (go up)

The fact that you use a variety of these words rather than just abusing one word will help you easily improve your vocabulary score in Task 1. In addition to the words above, sometimes you have to use “stronger” words to describe a sharp increase. In English, we also have very “figurative” words to describe this increase:

  3000 most commonly used English words

Shoot up like a rocket (verb skyrocket or shoot up)

Shoot up like a rocket verb skyrocket or shoot up in writing task 1

Soar like an eagle (verb soar)

Use the verb soar in ielts writing task 1 to describe increase and decrease

2. Discount

Corresponding to the words increasing above, we also have the words decreasing with the opposite meaning, for example

Go up => Go down

Rise => Fall

In addition, we also have some other words that are quite easy to remember and familiar, for example decrease, reduce or drop.

With the reductions strongIn IELTS, you will mainly use two relatively “figurative” vocabulary words: dip (sink) and plunge (dive)

Describe the decrease with the verb plunge in writing task 1 - ielts writing test

You should pay close attention to the strength and lightness of the up and down trends, because the vocabulary score will be most appreciated when you use the word. the most exactly.

Take a look at the following chart:

xample is used to describe the increase and decrease in ielts writing task 1 - ielts writing test preparation

This chart has a very clear uptrend, but there are 2 types of uptrend, that is slow increase and fast increase. It can be seen that before 1985, the national recycling rate inched up very slowly, but after this year, it increased very strongly.

So we can write:

Overall, total waste recovery increased. Since 1985, it skyrocketed.

  1. Another way of writing

If you notice, the words given above are all verb. So, when using these words, we will usually write S+V sentences like:

A + increase/decrease/fall/rise/…

This writing is completely OK, but in IELTS, besides conjugating the correct verbs, if we can show many different sentence patterns, the grammar of the article will be more appreciated. So is there any way we can describe an increase/decrease without using verb.

The simplest way is that you use noun of the verbs above. Some of the verbs above have noun forms, and what’s even better is that their noun forms are written exactly like the verb forms. For example, you have:

  Cambridge English IELTS 15 Reading: Key & Explanation

Rise => a rise

Fall => a fall

Drop => a drop

But how to use these nouns? Obviously, all sentences in English have verbs. So what verbs are we going to use?

Please write sentences according to the following pattern:

A + experience + a rise/a fall/a drop…

So, the sentence above that we wrote:

Overall, total waste recovery increased. Since 1985, it skyrocketed.

Can be rewritten as:

Overall, total waste recovery experienced an increase.

Please note that not all words can be converted into nouns. You should only use the structure “experience + noun” with the words: rise/fall/drop and increase/decrease.

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