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Unit 23: How to take IELTS Reading Gap Fill Summary – Practice reading online Luyện

Gap Fill is a common form in the IELTS Reading test. The task of this lesson is to ask you to fill in the blanks of a text or summary of information, a diagram…

This type of question paper is considered by many candidates as easy to breathe, but do not be so subjective when doing the test because you need to find the right information, fill in the correct words according to the grammar… to get a good score.

Learn about Gap Fill Summary bài

Gap Fill is simply understood as a form of fill-in-the-blank question, and the correct answer choices fill in the blanks. You may come across this type of question with simple types like:

1. I have always …………….. play games well.

A. could

B. been able to

C. able to

Or ………….do you want a holiday?

But in Reading it is a long passage and the question is as follows.

For example:


Air Rage

” The first recorded case of an airline passenger turning seriously during a flight, a violent phenomenon now widely known as “air rage”, happened in 1947 on a flight from Havana to Miami. A drunk man assaulted another passenger and bit a flight attendant. However, the man escaped punishment because it was not then clear under whose legal control a crime committed on plane was, the country where the plane was registered or the country where the crime was committed. that the laws of the country where the plane is registered take precedence.

The frequency of air rage has expanded out of proportion to the growth of air travel. Until recently a few statistics were gathered about air rage, but those that have been indicated that passengers are increasingly likely to cause trouble or engage in acts. For example, in 1998 there were 266 air rage incidents out of approximately four million passengers, a 400% increase from 1995. In the same period American Airlines showed a 200% rise. Air travel is predicted to rise by 5% internationally by 2010 leading to increased airport congestion. This, coupled with the flying public’s increased aggression, means that air rage may become a major issue in coming years.

Aside from discomfort and disruption, air rage poses some very real dangers to flying. The most extreme of these is when out of control passengers enter the cockpit. This has actually happened on a number of occasions, the worst of which has resulted in the death and injury of pilots or the intruder taking control of the plane, almost resulting in crashes. In addition, berserk passengers sometimes attempt to open the emergency doors while in flight, putting the whole aircraft in danger. These are extreme examples and cases of air rage more commonly result in physical assaults on fellow passengers and crew such as throwing objects, punching, stabbing or scalding with hot coffee.”

Look at the words in the table and decide which word will fit in the reading gap fill summary. Type the word into the gap (when you have completed it you can click below to reveal and check your answers).


The first time that an (1)…of air rage was recorded was in the 1940’s, but the passenger was never actually charged for an offence because there were no clear rules in place to specify where to prosecute. It was later (2)…that it would be the country where the plane is registered. Air rage has (3)…significantly since this time, growing by a staggering 400% from 1995 to 1998. Air rage is (4)…to be a major problem in the future as air travel increases, as do levels of aggression. Angry (5)…can put everyone in danger including the pilots, the crew and the other passengers, with some form of (6)…being the most common consequence.

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-> This is a type of post that gives you a pre-written summary and just fills in the blanks.

Sometimes the test will give you a table with different words and you just need to choose the correct word. But there are also cases where the question will not give the word you need to find to fill in.

In another case, it is to fill in Heading information…but today we only analyze the case of filling in the summary paragraph – Summary.

Therefore, many of you find this type of question easier than True/false/Notgiviven or Heading, multiple choice… in IELTS Reading. But, simple but not easy? How to complete the requirements and get a high score on this test?

Let’s analyze how to do the article below.

How to do Gap Fill bài

Step 1: Read the summary and guess what the whole paragraph is about.

Step 2: Read the passage. The necessary skill for you to do this type of essay is to quickly skim and find the passage that contains information related to the summary in the question or diagram. When you find similar information, you stop to compare the information.

Step 3: Determine whether the word form to be filled in is a noun, verb, adjective or a verb conjugation in the past, present or future… This part is related to the grammar of the whole paragraph.

Step 4: Search for keywords and passages and then fill in the words according to the correct grammar and answers from the information in the article.

In the case of a given word, it will be easier for you to recognize the word that needs to be filled in, but in case the problem does not give a given word, you can search a little more closely and you will find the answer.

If you have doubts about the answer, write it down in a draft and then check it again. Usually this form of filling in is not too difficult, so you will find the answer.

For the diagram form, you also trace the same in the direction of the diagram to know which step/phase/area of ​​the diagram you are in to fill in correctly. There will be summary words and suggestions for you to recognize the right answer.

However, you need to have vocabulary and understand the meaning to practice Gap Fill more easily, so improve your vocabulary a lot.


Now we do step by step, solving the above problem.

The topic is short and the paragraph is a summary of all the information on the topic. But in the case of the real test, the length of the passage is longer, so there will be a divided paragraph. We will continue to solve the real problem below.

So we read through the question and analyze first.

In the first sentence, think about what the word to fill in will be. And what word would fit this sentence. Here, you see an “an” in front of the blank, then the word to be filled in will be a singular noun, starting with a vowel.

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Looking at the box given, are there any words that are nouns and which words can convert adjectives into nouns? And you weigh the word. Here comes Incident, occurring (V-ing can be used as a noun), assault, injury.

Then, check the reading passage and you will see the information The first time – the first time an “air rage” happened. Since it is a noun here, you will find that the word Incident will fit this paragraph, this word is similar to phenomenon, case.

Words such as occurring are rarely used because there is an occurrence, assault means an attack, injury is an injury, so they are not appropriate.

Next to the second sentence, It was later (2)…….that it would be the country where the plane is registered. The answer will be a verb conjugation in the past participle, passive form.

You will find the two words Found and the word Established quite suitable. Here, pay attention to the Rules, so the word Found – Found will not be appropriate. The word Established – established, literally means the establishment of aviation law rules after the above incident.

With verse 3, This is a present perfect tense sentence. Pay attention to the words “has”, “since this time” and “growing”, you will see that the word to be filled in has the meaning of growth in the past tense.

The word Increased is appropriate because it is in the past participle 2, showing the growing trend of “air rage” from 1995-1998.

Verse 4, This sentence means what is …will become a problem in the future.

We have two words in the box: Hoped – Hope and Predicted – predict. But with the phrase A major problem, hope has a positive connotation, so Predicted will be true to previous information about the growth of the event and requires discussion for the future.

Question 5: You see that the word to be filled in belongs to the position of the subject after the adjective and does not have a good a/an, so it will be a plural noun. So you see as passengers accordingly.

Verse 6 The answer will be the noun do after of. As analyzed in sentence 1, we remove Incident, occurring. Rest Assault – attack, Injury – wounded.

Even though you see consequence – consequences but the readings refer to attacks by rioting passengers, not to injuries. So the correct answer is Assault.

Finally, the complete passage:

The first time that an incident of air rage was recorded was in the 1940’s, but the passenger was never actually charged for an offence

because there were no clear rules in place to specify where to prosecute. It was later established that it would be the country where the

plane is registered. Air rage has increased significant since this time, growing by a staggering 400% from 1995 to 1998. Air rage is

predicted to be a major problem in the future as air travel increases, as do levels of aggression. Angry passengers can put everyone in

danger including the pilots, the crew and the other passengers, with some form of assault being the most common consequence.


Above are the steps to apply IELTS Reading Gap Fill test, please practice more with the exercises below and other lessons! Lesson source from www.ieltsbuddy.com.

More IELTS Reading practice materials:

Summary of IELTS Reading materials from basic to advanced

Unit 19: Short answer questions


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