Unit 12: Paragraph Headings practice (paragraph topics) – Online reading test preparation

This lesson will provide you with how to solve questions about choosing paragraph headings fit. When doing the reading test and encounter the type of article choose the right heading With passages from given topics, people often exclude the topics they have chosen for previous passages.

Here is an example after choosing the right topic for the previous 4 paragraphs:

i. A climate of fear

ii. Fan violence returns

iii. FIFA’s response

iv. Canceling the cup

v. Legal action is taken

Because. Not just the fans

vii. Violence at the core of Italian football

viii. Not to blame

ix.Violence back in the news

x. A widespread problem

So what are the risks of doing this?

Crossing out the previous options means that you don’t consider those options for the rest of the paragraphs.

For example, you choose wrong heading i for paragraph number first, while heading i for the 5th paragraph. If you cross out the choices first, when you get to the second paragraph 5 you will definitely choose a wrong option.

One mistake can lead to another mistake. If you make two mistakes, it will lead to 5.6 mistakes.

A much better idea is to write the number of paragraphs you have chosen in at the end of each option. Each paragraph can select multiple headings, and by doing so, you will also have more than 1 paragraph corresponding to each heading.

For example: Paragraph 2 – viii / iv

There are paragraphs that only have a suitable heading, you can skip it. But there are paragraphs that contain more options. You reread each passage and see which option is most appropriate, The last remaining paragraph will be the last remaining selection.

Paragraph 2 – viii /iv

Now we will try to apply this method. Please read an article about the problem soccer violence of the Guardian newspaper.

Don’t look down until you’ve finished the reading, as we’ll have a discussion of the question.

Soccer Violence

Fiorentina’s exclusion from the UEFA Cup after a match official was injured by a firecracker thrown during their second-round match with Grasshopper Zurich in Salerno brought hooliganism back in the media.

The Florence club are appealing against the decision, arguing that the object was thrown by rival Salernitana fans and the ban would set a dangerous precedent. But UEFA will have borne in mind that Fiorentina were playing so far away from home only because they had been banned from their own ground for crowd trouble in Europe last season.

Whether Fiorentina has been hard done by or not, fan violence is a major problem in the Italian game. Fighting before Sunday’s 1-1 draw between Bologna and Roma left eight people in hospital, two with stab wounds. After the game a Roma supporters’ bus was stoned and set on fire.

But Italy is not the only country suffering from what used to be called “the English disease”. At the weekend police in Bucharest fired tear-gas and made 20 arrests after a pitch invasion at the Steaua-Dinamo derby, reflecting a marked growth in hooliganism in Romania. The Greek first division match between PAOK Thessaloniki and Olympiakos Piraeus last week was abandoned after one of the linesmen was left concussed by home fans furious at a disallowed goal, a decision which brought 10,000 people on to the streets of Salonika in protest. In neighboring Albania, Skenderbeu Korce were fined and docked three points last month after a brawl involving players, fans and the referee.

Hooliganism is taking its toll on the South American game too. An Argentinian judge suspended all second division matches this month in an effort to combat rising violence. The same judge halted the first division for two weeks in May for the same reason.

Football violence has claimed 37 lives in Argentina in the Nineties and leading clubs routine have to dole out free tickets and cash to their gangsterish fans, known as barras bravas, whose activities include extortion. This is leading to a frightening atmosphere. A recent survey in Brazil found that 61 per cent of fans said they stayed away from matches because they were too scared to attend..

FIFA is considering the postponement of the Confederations Cup, scheduled for January, which may persuade the world champions France to take part, a FIFA spokesman said yesterday.

i. A climate of fear

i. Fan violence returns

ii. FIFA’s response

iii. FIFA’s response

iv. Canceling the cup

v. Legal action is taken

Because. FIFA’s response

vii. Violence at the core of Italian football

viii. Not to blame

ix. Violence back in the news

x. A widespread problem

Discuss the answer

1. People easily get confused when choosing headings ii but this is the wrong answer because you don’t know if the violence will go away (maybe it always exists but is not talked about). The answer is heading ix because it reappears in public (ie backin ‘the news’/’the media’).

2. The answer is viii because Fiorentina is mentioning that it’s not their fault. ie they are not to blame.

3. The passage refers to the major problem in the Italian game mean the core of italian football. Heading is vii.

4. This paragraph is about the situation in some European countries, so the answer is heading x.

5. You may have chosen heading x in this paragraph, because it introduces problems in another area. But this heading is the answer of the previous paragraph, and this paragraph is about the judging activities so the heading must be chosen v.

6. This passage discusses how people were scared. So we choose heading i.

7. Paragraph 7 discusses actions FIFA should consider taking (considers), in other words response. Candlestick iii would be the correct answer. We do not choose iv by the passage about procrastination (postponing) tournament but not canceled hủy (cencelling).

Above is an analysis lesson for you in the form of Paragraph Headings (paragraph topics in IELTS reading) that will help you know how to do this type of exercise more effectively!

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