If there is praise, there must be criticism. In IELTS Writing, the question often talks about something “problem”, so the feeling that the article must always have something “bad” or “harmful”. Therefore, it is extremely useful to know the many harmful expressions in IELTS. Similar to the previous lesson, we should not say sentences like:
>>>> Review the previous lesson: How to describe a good thesis?
Instead, we need to focus on how specific that “bad” is. You can follow one of the following methods:
1) Use adjectives correctly
There are a lot of negative adjectives, and negative sentences like this are a good opportunity to “drain” these adjectives. For example, instead of saying:
Overeating is bad.
Overeating is detrimental/ unhealthy.
With each noun belonging to a different subject, you have very different adjectives to attach to it. For example, if a act what? bad, it may be illegal, harmful, waste of time, … If one food is bad, it could be not delicious, harmful to health, expensive,… Think about what Vietnamese word you would use to describe this, and find the English word that best matches the Vietnamese word you know.
2) I wasted something
A very common meaning of “bad” is “wasting a resource”. For example:
Watching TV is bad => watching TV is a waste of time
Shopping for clothes is bad => shopping for clothes is a waste of money.
Note: you can change “is a waste of…” into the verb “waste”
Watching TV is a waste of time => Watching TV wastes a lot of time
Shopping for clothes is a waste of money => Shopping for clothes wastes a lot of money
3) A reduces something of B
This is a rather colorful way of interpreting the subject’s “bad” meaning more specifically. Let’s take for example: watching a lot of TV harmful for children. Think about what “watching TV” reduces to “children”.
There’s a lot of things right? The “watching TV” can reduce the first is the dynamism, moreover, the time spent with family, the interaction with parents.
Watching TV is bad for children
=> Watching TV reduces children’s activity level.
=> Watching TV shortens the time children spend with their parents.
4) A increases something “bad” in B.
Similarly, we can rewrite the opposite way that A increases an already “bad” quality in B.
With children, the opposite of dynamism is definitely the laziness, laziness, and laziness. The opposite of time spent with parents can be the time children are exposed to violent, age-inappropriate things.
Watching TV reduces children’s activity level => Watching TV encourages children’s laziness.
Watching TV shortens the time children spend with their parents => Watching TV means children are spending more time watching violent content.
Here are 4 easy ways to help you better describe the “bad” quality. You don’t have to stick to one method and use it for the whole lesson. Mixing all 4 ways together will give you a lively article and show more language abilities!