Synonym synonyms and 3 ways to paraphrase in IELTS Writing

In IELTS Writing, using Synonyms is not too strange if you want to bring interesting and variety to your writing.

However, how to use Synonyms, how to rewrite sentences with synonyms, not everyone understands. The ways Paraphrase with synonyms below will help you somewhat.


According to the Cambridge Dictionary, Synonym is a word or phrase that has the same or nearly the same meaning as another word or phrase in the same language.


  • The words “small” and “little” are synonyms.
  • ” Wrong” is a synonym for ‘incorrect’.

– Synonyms are words that have the same meaning. However, words can have different meanings displayed so words are interchangeable or not depending on the context.

-Synonyms have many different word forms, but the synonyms application in IELTS Writing helps you avoid repeating previously used words, so the words used will be the same semantic, replaceable form. given to each other.

In the process of studying IELTS, you can refer to synonyms with online software that you can find on the Internet.

=> The current reputable Synonym search software that you can refer to is:

Synonyms writing

Synonyms help you improve your band score


1. USING COMPLEX Sentences

It is essential to use new constructs whenever you have the same expressions but don’t want to be duplicated. So we can refer to the following ways:


Writing task 1 has a lot of “land” for you to “act”. With expressions like increase, decrease, same, different, highest, fluctuate, etc., we have many ways to express it. Let’s get to the main point:

– There are more men than women => Women outnumber men. (Use a sentence pattern that uses the word “outnumber” which is not repeated but still expresses the idea more fully, moreover, the word “outnumber” is a very well-evaluated vocabulary.)

– The biggest difference is that… => The most noticeable difference/ The disparity is noticeable.

– Instead of writing 2 simple sentences that have opposite ideas about data, use the complex sentence pattern “…while…” – describe the opposite idea. Example: “The figure for high school students who do exercise regularly was just 12%, while the percentage for seniors in reaching its peak at 70%”.

– It is better to use compound sentences such as “The fact that… + to be” than to write a single sentence.


  • For Writing Task 2, we should prioritize using relative clauses to write compound sentences instead of simple sentences.

For example, we should write the sentence “People tend to rely on a lot on technical devices, which are much more innovative and convenient than ever before” instead of “People tend to rely on a lot on technical devices. Those are much more innovative and convenient than ever before”.

  • If we have used many forms of active sentences, we should use passive sentences.

For example, with the previous expression, we write: “To address the problem, we should use public transport” but if we want to use this style again, we should write it in the passive voice.

If necessary, we should use other synonyms to diversify our vocabulary => we should write: “To tackle the problem, public transport should be encouraging to use” will be much better.

  • It is highly recommended to use conjunctions to connect sentences but MUST be in formal form: nevertheless, However; In addition, Add, Besides (More); As a result, consequence, It leads to…, It results in…
  • It is preferable to use the sentence pattern “…while…” to talk about two opposing ideas (Usually paraphrase the topic in the Introduction or use it to change ideas). For example: “While it is undeniable that living in large cities brings us a huge number of benefits, its drawbacks cannot be ignored.”

2. FLEXIBLE use of synonyms

Synonyms are an indispensable part when paraphrasing and of course synonyms are very effective in the article if we know how to choose the right words.

Here, I will introduce you to some common synonyms or interchangeable words and phrases in Writing task 1 and Writing task 2.


– Expenditure (n) = Spending (n) : Expenses, spending

– Noticeable (adj) = Significant (adj): Notable, significant

– Spend (v) = Consume (v): Spend, consume

– Hit its peak = Reach its peak = Reach a record high of: Reaching the top, a record high

– Receive (v) = Get (v) = Enjoy (v) = Be awarded with (St): Receive, be rewarded

– Health care system = Medical service : Health care system, medical service

– Imply (v) = Suggest = Point out : Imply, suggest, point out

– Land degradation = Land erosion : Land degradation, soil erosion

– Apparent = Obvious = Clear = Evident : Obviously, obviously

– Tree clearance = Deforestation : Deforestation, destroy trees

– Canned food = Packaged : Canned food, packaged food

– Reliable = Trustworthy : Reliable

– Society = Community : Community, society

– Citizens = Residents = Inhabitants = Dwellers : Citizens, residents

– City = Urban area : City, urban area


– Principal (adj) = Prominent (adj): important

– Trigger (v) = Provoke (v): cause

– Increase (v) = Escalate (v): increase

– Innate (adj) = Inborn (adj): innate

– Traffic congestion (n) = Traffic jam (n): traffic jam

– Effect (n) = Impact (n): influence

– Difficulty (n) = Challenge (n): difficulty, challenge

– Hard-working (adj) = Diligent (adj) = Industrious (adj): hard working

– Guidance (n) = Consultancy (n): guidance

– Pollution (n) = Contamination (n): pollution

– Admire (v) = Appreciate (v): appreciate

– Improve (v) = Enhance (v): improve

– Address (v) = Combat (v) = Tackle (v): solve

– Up-to-date (adj)= Innovative (adj): latest

– Big city (n) = Large metropolis (n): big city

– Advantageous (adj) = Beneficial (adj): beneficial

– Rich (adj) = Affluent (adj) = Wealthy (adj) = Well-off (adj): rich

– Popular (adj) = Prevalent (adj): trending

– Negative (adj) = Adverse (adj) = Unfavorable (adj): negative, unfavorable

– Wonderful (adj) = Fantastic (adj) = Breathtaking (adj) = Spectacular (adj): spectacular, extraordinary

– Debatable (adj) = Controversial (adj): controversial


Compound words have a relatively low frequency in the articles, but if you can use these compound words, your article will be highly appreciated in terms of vocabulary because those words show your level. your grammar and vocabulary usage.

There are 3 common types of compound words as follows:

– State-owned companies (suffix -owned: means owned): Companies owned by the state
– Computer-based tasks (suffix -based: means platform): Jobs related to/have a computer-based background
– Health-related problems (the ending –related: means related): Problems related to health.

So, do you know how to apply Synonyms or not? Try practicing with some of your own articles!

You can refer to 4 more ways to rewrite sentences for IELTS Writing in the previous lesson:

Good luck with your studies!

One Response

  1. traubbata May 6, 2023

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