Hello friends, you probably all know that there are all 12 basic tenses in English, but I’m sure that up to now, there are still many of you who can’t distinguish and know how to use all the tenses even though you’ve been taught. many times 😀 😀
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In IELTS writing, I noticed that many of you have lost marks in errors verb conjugation So in this article, I will share with you the “TENS” that are commonly used in IELTS to help you know how to apply correctly and practice correctly in the knowledge you need!
Tenses in English includes 12 main tenses + 1 minor tense but mainly in IELTS will use these tenses.
1. Present Simple
With regular verbs
Positive: S + Vs/es + O
Negative: S+ DO/DOES + NOT + V + O
Doubts: DO/DOES + S + V+ O ?
With the verb tobe
Positive: S+ AM/IS/ARE + O
Negative: S + AM/IS/ARE + NOT + O
Doubts: AM/IS/ARE + S + O
IELTS Task 1 Process – Process can be considered as Facts, and you will have to use tense hiệntyesi haveeh?n for this post.
IELTS Task 1 – The opening sentence (paraphrase) and the general comment (overview) must be in the simple present tense. For example: The graph represent, rather than represented, or It is immediately obvious that, rather than it was immediately …
Most Task 2 – Unless you want to cite a past example, most Task 2 you will use the tense hiệntyesi haveeh?n. Sometimes, if you want to emphasize the length of time, you can easily turn this tense into hiệntyesi finished.
2. Past Simple
With regular verbs
Positive: S + V_ed + O
Negative: S + DID + NOT + V + O
Doubts: DID + S+ V+ O ?
With the verb tobe
Positive: S + WAS/WERE + O
Negative: S+ WAS/ WERE + NOT + O
Doubts: WAS/WERE + S+ O ?
IELTS Task 1 Charts and Maps – Apart from Process, most of the other IELTS Task 1 questions will have a time period associated with it, and usually time in the past. This means that all verbs describing trends or changes must be in the past simple.
IELTS Task 2 Examples – If you take as an example an event that happened in the past in Task 2, by default you have to put it in the past tense. However, often the example in Task 2 will be in the present tense.
3. Future Simple
Positive: S + shall/will + V(infinitive) + O
Negative: S + shall/will + NOT+ V(infinitive) + O
Doubts: Shall/will + S + V(infinitive) + O?
IELTS Task 1 Charts – sometimes in charts you will see time periods in the future. However, you should be careful not to use “will” always, because if you say so, you are khÂdpoopNh, but the figures in the article are phinguess. So, given this data, you should use the sentence pattern “A ddughCDu guess will increase/decrease…” => “A is predicted/projected to…”
4. Present Perfect
Positive: S + have/ has + Past participle (V3) +O
Negative: S + have/ has + NOT+ Past participle + O
Doubts: have/ has +S+ Past participle + O
This is a tense that you should use more of. This tense we often use in Task 2, when we want to talk about a Fact, but we want to attach the time. For example, instead of: Exhaust emission causes a lot of harms to the environment, you can write: Exhaust emission has caused a lot of…
The most practical application of the present perfect is to say whether something has happened or not. For example, if you want to say: “A has/haven’t done anything”, don’t say “A don’t/doesn’t + V”, because if you say the simple present tense, you are asserting that it is a Fact. This has not happened yet, it is unlikely that it will ever happen, and conversely, if it has happened, it does not mean that it will happen forever. So, you should write “A has/hasn’t/have/haven’t…”
5. CHILDRENughdaybelchpall exposedbiệt
In Task 2, you will sometimes have to make a hypothetical case. Example: If we do this, this will happen… Or: The government can/should do this… Since this is a hypothetical case, you should not use “will”, because again, when you use “will” and you are khÂdpoopNh. Instead, use “would”. Likewise, don’t use the word “can”, use “could”.
Mastering the tenses and how to use the above tenses, I believe that it will be a “weapon” for you to successfully complete any writing topic!
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