Entering today’s lesson, let’s learn about the Multiple Choice test – a type of test with many traps in IELTS Reading.
1. What is Multiple Choice?
This is the form I’m most afraid of in the Reading test, maybe because I used to make this mistake the most, but it’s much better now hehe. This format is a 4-answer multiple-choice question, your task is to read and choose 1 correct answer. Simple right, but extremely easy to go wrong and easy to confuse!
This type of test in Listening is also difficult, in Reading it is not easy, because the answers are generally quite long, especially in Reading, 4 answers are completely different, but I almost don’t see the type of “find the difference”. difference between 4 answers” is clear as in Listening.
How to do the lesson I will talk about below, please take a look at the post format!
2. How to do Multiple Choice
Step 1: Read the question carefully and skim 4 answers
With the Multiple Choice form, the questions will certainly be sorted in order. So my strategy is to read the first sentence first, not read a bunch of them all to find keywords and then try to remember. I read the first sentence, see what people ask about, and read the question only, and the answer is skimmed, then find out where the content is in the passage.
Step 2: Scanning Information in the reading passage
After knowing the location, I will read the information in that paragraph, usually a short paragraph or 3-4 sentences around. Then flip through and re-read all the answers.
At this point, I will use the method of eliminating wrong answers. Usually, I see that there will be 2 unrelated answers (100% not mentioned in the reading passage), then remove those 2 answers first. The remaining 2 answers will be similar or contain information mentioned in the reading passage. At this time, I will carefully read those two answers and compare them with the information in the reading passage, if they match, then choose. If not mentioned (Not given), then eliminated.
I find using the exclusion method is quite fast and accurate.
Step 3: Check the answer
I’m not sure this will be 100% correct, but you guys should try to check it, for example, from sentences 21 to 26 is Multiple Choice.
21B, 22B, 23B, 24C, 25A, 26D. Then you see 3 sentences B in a row, so check 1 of those 3 sentences. However, not really, if you are sure that these 3 sentences are B, leave them as is and do not need to be corrected. Because the answer sometimes also has 3 Bs in a row, it doesn’t matter. But just be sure to check again!
And when a series of 5-6 sentences are all B, more than 90% are wrong.
3. Examples of Multiple Choice
In this particular form, I will give you a special bonus for an example so that you can better understand how to do the test!
In Cam 15 there is a sentence as follows:
Why does Tehrani refer to Chinese and Japanese fairy tales?
A. to indicate that Jack Zipes’ theory is incorrect.
B. to suggest that crime is a global problem.
C. to imply that all fairy tales have a similar meaning.
D. to add more evidence for Jack Zipe’s ideas.
+ Step 1: Read the question Note “Chinese and Japanese”
Skim the answers Notice “Jack Zipes”
+ Step 2: Remember these 2 keywords, find the position in the text
Jack Zipes at the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, is unconvinced by Tehrani’s views on fairy tales. ‘Even if they’re gruesome, they won’t stick unless they matter,’ he says. He in the perennial theme of women as victims stories like Little Red Riding Hood explains why they continue to feel relevant. But Tehrani points out that although this is often the case in Western versions, it is not always true elsewhere. In Chinese and Japanese versions, often known as The Tiger Grandmother, the villain is a woman, and in both Iran and Nigeria, the victim is a boy.
+ Step 3:
Reread the question “Why does Tehrani mention Chinese and Japanese fairy tales?”
Read the content above and understand the idea “Mr. Jack Zipes thinks that in the story of Little Red Riding Hood, women are the victims in the story, so they feel more connected. But Tehrani points out that while that is commonly seen in stories in the West, it is not necessarily true elsewhere. For example, in Chinese and Japanese fairy tales, the villain is a woman, or in Iran and Nigeria, the victim is a boy.”
+ Step 4:
Read the answer:
B. crime is a global problem. Irrelevant Kind
C. to imply that all fairy tales have a similar meaning. Irrelevant Kind
A. to indicate that Jack Zipes’ theory is incorrect. (to show that Jack Zipes’s theory is wrong)
D. to add more evidence for Jack Zipe’s ideas. (for more proof of Jack Zipes’s idea)
In the reading you see that Tehrani said “But Tehrani points out that it is not always true” That is, giving feedback to Jack Type D Choose answer A
You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1–13, which are based on Reading Passage 1 below.
MAKING TIME FOR SCIENCE
Chronobiology might sound a little futuristic – like something from a science fiction novel, perhaps – but it’s actually a field of study that concerns one of the oldest processes life on this planet has ever known: short-term rhythms of time and their effect on flora and fauna.
This can take many forms. Marine life, for example, is Inspired by tidal patterns. Animals tend to be active or inactive depending on the position of the sun or moon. Numerous creatures, humans included, are greatly diurnal – that is, they like to come out during the hours of sunlight. Nocturnal animals, such as bats and possums, prefer to forage by night. A third group are known as crepuscular: they thrive in the low-light of dawn and dusk and remain inactive at other hours.
When it comes to humans, chronobiologists are interested in what is known as the circadian rhythm. This is the complete cycle our bodies are naturally geared to undergo within the passage of a twenty-four hour day. Aside from sleeping at night and waking during the day, each cycle involves many other factors such as changes in blood pressure and body temperature.
Not everyone has an identical circadian rhythm. ‘Night people’, for example, often describe how they find it very hard to operate during the morning, but become alert and focused by evening. This is a benign variation within circadian rhythms known as a chronotype.
Scientists have limited abilities to create durable modifications of chronobiological demands. Recent therapeutic developments for humans such as artificial light machines and melatonin administration can reset our circadian rhythms, for example, but our bodies can tell the difference and health suffers when we breach these natural rhythms for extended periods of time. Plants appear no more malleable in this respect; studies demonstrate that vegetables grown in season and ripened on the tree are far higher in essential nutrients than those grown in greenhouses and ripened by laser.
Knowledge of chronobiological patterns can have many pragmatic implications for our day-to-day lives. While contemporary living can sometimes appear to subjugate biology – after all, who needs circadian rhythms when we have caffeine pills, energy drinks, shift work and cities that never sleep? – keeping in synch with our body clock is important.
The average urban resident, for example, rouses at the eye-blearing time of 6.04 am, which researchers believe to be far too early. One study found that even rising at 7.00 am has deleterious effects on health unless exercise is performed for 30 minutes afterwards. The optimum moment has been whittled down to 7.22 am; muscle aches, headaches and moodiness were reported to be lowest by participants in the study who woke up then.
Once you’re up and ready to go, what then? If you’re trying to shed some extra pounds, dieticians are adamant: never skip breakfast. This disorients your circadian rhythm and puts your body in starvation mode. The recommended course of action is to follow an intense workout with a carbohydrate-rich breakfast; the other way round and weight loss results are not as pronounced.
Morning is also great for breaking out the vitamins. Supplement absorption by the body is not temporal-dependent, but naturopath Pam Stone notes that the extra boost at breakfast helps us get energised for the day ahead. For improved absorption, Stone suggests pairing supplements with a food in which they are soluble and steering clear of caffeinated beverages. Finally, Stone said to take care with storage; high potency is best for absorption, and warmth and humidity are known to deplete the potency of a supplement.
After-dinner espressos are becoming more of a tradition – we have the Italians to thank for that – but to prepare for a good night’s sleep we are better off putting the brakes on caffeine consumption as early as 3 pm With a seven hour half-life , a cup of coffee containing 90 mg of caffeine taken at this hour could still leave 45 mg of caffeine in your nervous system at ten o’clock that evening. It is essential that, by the time you are ready to sleep, your body is rid of all traces.
Evenings are important for winding down before sleep; however, dietician Geraldine Georgeou knows that an after-five carbohydrate-fast is more cultural myth than chronobiological demand. This will deprive your body of vital energy needs. Overloading your gut could lead to indigestion, though. Our digestive tracts do not shut down for the night entirely, but their work slows to a crawl as our bodies prepare for sleep. Consuming a modest snack should be entirely sufficient.
© The British Council 2012. All rights reserved. 3
Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.
Write the correct letter in boxes 8–13 on your answer sheet.
8 What did researchers identify as the ideal time to wake up in the morning?
9 In order to lose weight, we should
A avoid eating breakfast
B eat a low carbohydrate breakfast
C exercise before breakfast
D exercise after breakfast
10 Which is NOT mentioned as a way to improve supplement absorption?
A avoid drinks containing caffeine while taking supplements
B taking supplements at breakfast
C taking supplements with foods that can dissolve them
D storing supplements in a cool, dry environment
11 The best time to stop drinking coffee is
B 10 pm
C only when feeling anxious
D after dinner
12 In the evening, we should
A stay away from carbohydrates
B stop exercising
C eat as much as possible
D eat a light meal
13 Which of the following phrases best describes the main aim of Reading Passage 1?
A to suggest healthier ways of eating, sleeping and exercising
B to describe how modern life has made chronobiology significantly irrelevant
C to introduce chronobiology and describe some practical applications
D to plan a daily schedule that can alter our natural chronobiological rhythms
Link to download PDF version:
The course is led by Ms.Jenny in the group IELTS Fighter – Study support. Remember to follow the lesson regularly with your friends in the group.
See more lessons with the same route:
Sharpen your IELTS Reading Skill – TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN
Sharpen your IELTS Reading Skill – SHORT ANSWER