Recognizing venomous snakes – First aid treatment when bitten by snakes

In the countryside or in the suburbs, children playing in the garden or in the field, being bitten by a snake, are taken to the hospital, the doctor often asks what snake bit the child, so parents should pay attention to how to identify poisonous snakes, how to treat them. Rescue if bitten by a snake as well as how to prevent it. Here is some information about snakes.

Venomous snakes have 2 families:
-Snake family: ground cobra, king tiger, cat tiger, scorpion, scorpion
-The family of vipers: green vipers, indigo crows

Spectacle marking cobra, spitting cobra: in the middle of the neck, the dorsal surface shows an inverted eyeglass shape.
Ground cobra (Monocellate cobra): in the middle of the neck, the dorsal side shows a white circle
Indigo snake (Calloselasma rhodostoma Malayan pit viper): on the body there is a triangle with apex pointing towards the back
Scorpion snake (Bungarus candidus): alternating black-white rings
Red-tailed viper (green pit viper, Trimeresurus albolabris): blue body, red tail

Signs of being bitten by a snake
A quick look at the bite helps to determine if a venomous snake has bitten by the following signs:
-A lot of swelling, a lot of pain at the bite site
-The bite has 2 venom marks

. Local signs: swelling, bruising, necrosis and blistering skin filled with fluid
. Coagulation disorders: bleeding of the skin, mucous membranes

. Signs in a few places
. Systemic signs: dizziness, nausea, shortness of breath, weakness in the limbs

First aid treatment when bitten by a snake
If bitten by a snake, even a healthy snake should be closely monitored as a case of venomous snakebite, at least for the first 6 hours. Especially when bitten by a poisonous snake or suspected of being bitten by a venomous snake, it is necessary to take immediate first aid measures and quickly take the victim to a medical facility.
-Let the victim lie still, reassure them
– Immobilize and place the bite site lower than the heart to limit absorption of venom
-Wash the wound with soap and water
– Cover the bite with cool gauze to reduce pain, swelling, bandage around the wound
– Quickly take the victim to a medical facility to determine the type of snake bite and inject the appropriate antivenom.

  How to give first aid when bitten by a snake

Things to do
-Calm the victim to prevent the venom from spreading quickly
-Take the victim to a medical facility

Things to avoid
-Do not go over the wound because it can cause necrosis of the limb
-Do not make incisions, squeeze the wound to remove the venom because it is not effective at present, causing bleeding, infection and increased absorption of venom.

-Do not allow children to climb trees because they are prone to accidents due to falling or being attacked by vipers hiding in the leaves
-Wearing high boots and long pants that cover your shoes are best when walking in thick grass or areas with lots of snakes
– Clearing a large area around the house, in case it rains heavily, snakes run to hide in the house, attack people.


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