Delegates from around the world met in Uruguay in November to consider new ways to control tobacco. A World Health Organization treaty called the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control took effect five years ago. More than one hundred seventy governments have signed it. The treaty requires a number of efforts — like raising tobacco prices, restricting advertising and banning sales to children.
High school students protested against tobacco companies at a trade show in Jakarta. Indonesia has not signed the international treaty. But its Health Ministry proposes to ban all forms of cigarette advertising. An official at the Indonesian Tobacco Alliance says his trade group agrees with banning all activities to promote cigarettes to the young. But he says tobacco companies should be able to market their products to adults, just like any other legal product. Tobacco growers are also concerned about several measures proposed at the meeting in Uruguay. One would add additives used with “burley” tobacco. This kind of tobacco is widely grown in Africa. It is widely used in American-style cigarettes that are worldwide. Antismoking groups say the proposal is aimed against flavorings like chocolate, licorice and sugar. The director of the Tanzania Tobacco Control Forum points out that several American brands still use burley tobacco but without additives.But economists at NKC, a South African research group, say the guidelines would affect the lives of millions of Africans who depend on tobacco farming. The report says nearly four million people in Mozambique, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe would be most seriously affected.
Since June, the United States has banned cigarette companies from using misleading terms like “light,” “mild” and “low tar.” Also in November, federal health officials announced new actions to control tobacco. These include proposals to require larger health warnings on cigarette packages and advertisements. Officials also want to require new “graphic health warnings” within two years. Proposals include a picture of a woman blowing smoke in a baby’s face, and an image of diseased lungs next to healthy lungs. You can find a link to all of the proposed images at voaspecialenglish.com. For VOA Special English, I’m Alex Villarreal.
Words in This Story
delegate – n. a person chosen or chosen by a group to speak, vote, etc. for them, especially at a meeting
tobacco – n. a substance smoked in cigarettes, pipes, etc. that is prepared from the dried leaves of a particular plant
framework – n. a system of rules, ideas, or beliefs that is used to plan or decide something
convention – n. a large formal meeting of people who do a particular job or have a similar interest, or a large meeting for a political party
protest – n. a strong complaint of disagreement, disapproval, or opposition
treaty – n. a written agreement between two or more countries, formally approved and signed by their leaders
proposal – v. to offer or suggest a possible plan or action for other people to consider
you – v. to forbid (= refuse to allow) something, especially officially
liquorice – n. (US licorice) the dried root of a Mediterranean plant, used in medicines and to give flavor to food, especially sweets
Practice listening to medical English news through VOA – special English, Health Report.
Practice listening to the medical English news VOA 68 at the link below:
Medical English DR.DUY
#anhvanyds #tienganhykhoa #anhvanykhoadrduy