How important is your mobile phone, better known to Americans as a cellphone? Many people say they use the device all the time. So far, no studies have proven beyond question that the radio signals from cellphones cause brain cancer or other health problems. But a new study by government scientists in the United States has some people wondering what to think.
The scientists found that holding a cellphone to your ear for at least fifty minutes increases brain cell activity. Even the scientists themselves are not sure about the meaning of their findings.Dr. Nora Volkow led the study. She heads the National Institute on Drug Abuse, part of the National Institutes of Health. Dr. Volkow says she would not be concerned that fifty minutes of cellphone exposure would harm anyone. But she says the research does show the need to study whether there are long-lasting effects of repeated exposure over several years.Her team research forty-seven healthy volunteers in two thousand nine. The volunteers had cellphones placed against both ears while the scientists made images of their brain activity.
As part of the test, one phone was activated but muted for fifty minutes. The other phone was off. After that, the people were tested with both phones turned off. Dr. Volkow says the brain scans showed increased activity in brain cells closest to the activated phone.She said the right area of the brain that was very close to the antenna showed the largest increase in metabolism compared to when the telephones were off. Even though the radio frequencies emitted from current cellphones are very weak, they are able to activate the human brain.The scans showed how the brain cells used sugar to produce energy, a normal activity. The activity was seven percent higher in areas of the brain closest to the cellphone antenna.
Experts say people who are concerned about mobile phones can take steps like using a wired headset.Dr. Giuseppe Esposito is a nuclear medicine expert at Georgetown University Medical Center in Washington. He says after many years of studies, better kinds of research are still needed to settle questions about cellphone safety. These studies would take years. He said there should be epidemiological studies of a population of high users or light users of cellphones and then see what happens over the years.For VOA Special English, I’m Carolyn Presutti.
Words in This Story
institute – n. an organization where people do a particular type of scientific, educational, or social work, or the buildings that it uses
exposure – n. the fact of experiencing something or being affected by it because of being in a particular situation or place
long–lasting – adj. continue for a long period of time
muted – adj. not loud, or not enthusiastic
antenna – n. a structure made of metal rods or wires, often positioned on top of a building or vehicle, that receives or sends radio or television signals
metabolism – n. all the chemical processes in your body, especially those that cause food to be used for energy and growth
emit – v. to send out light, sound, or a smell, or a gas or other substance
epidemiological – adj. relating to epidemiology
epidemiology – n. the scientific study of diseases and how they are found, spread, and controlled in groups of people
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