Today’s article will focus on sharing tips with the Matching information exercise.
Review the previous lesson Unit 1: Multiple choice test skills
You are given 4-5 sentences of information from the passage and asked if the statements belong to the passage. Types of information include:
- a fact
- an example
- a reason
- a summary
- a definition
A few points to note
- there will be more passages than questions, so some passages will not have answers;
- Some passages may contain multiple answers;
- This type of question is very different from the “heading matching question” type. Instead of looking for the “general meaning” of the entire passage, you must find the “specific information” of the passage. And of course this type of question will be more difficult because instead of reading the first and last sentences of the passage, you have to read the middle of the paragraph to find the answer.
- The question can relate to the entire passage rather than a paragraph;
- The questions are not in the order of the reading passages;
- The information sought is not the main idea of the paragraph;
- Sometimes a passage may contain multiple answers;
This type of question requires a lot of reading comprehension skills:
Skimming/Understanding general meaning (Skimming and understanding the main idea)
This will help you identify the passage you need to read to find the answer. The best way is that you understand the whole text before finding the answer to each question;
Looking for synonyms – intensive reading
Your task is to find words and phrases that have similar meanings to the word or phrase in the question. So you need to know the Key word in the question.
“Why bats hunt in the dark” is connected with the phrase “natural selection has favored bats that make a go of the night-hunting trade”
How to approach the question
There are many ways to approach this question:
- Look at the questions first to get the gist of the whole lesson;
- Read the entire text quickly to understand the main idea of each paragraph. If you can read the passages, your chances of getting the correct answer will be much higher
- Read each question in turn and try to guess where it belongs in the passage;
- Don’t just focus on the “Key word” in the question, but instead, think a lot about the meaning of the question. You should remember that you should look for its “synonyms” in the text, not the exact word.
- Read the passage you just tried to guess. Ask the question: are there any sentences/phrases relevant to the question? If yes, reread the question and choose the answer.
- If you can’t find the answer, continue reading the next question, then come back to it later.
How to approach the reading (text)
You can use this way. Approach the passage first and then read the question.
- Read each paragraph;
- Then read all the questions to see where the information is located;
- If you don’t see it, continue to another section. The benefit of this method is that you only have to read the text once. However, I do not like this method because you have to spend a lot of time reading passages that do not contain answers.
Let’s do some exercises on IELTS-fighter and look forward to a more detailed analysis of how to do this type of exercise in the new lesson below.