This is a difficult form in band 8 of IELTS reading. That is why you need to study this part carefully. Before applying the failure exercise, it is necessary to review the strategy of this type of test.
Review the Unit 2 practice guide: True/false/not given tactics
Let’s study the following small example with IELTS-fighter!
“Chiles originated in South America and have been eaten for at least 9,500 years”
The following is the statement – to determine TRUE, FALSE or NOT GIVEN:
- Chiles come from South America
- People began eating Chiles in the last few centuries
- South Americans were the first people to start eating Chiles
Question 1 is definitely the correct answer. We can see synonyms – synonyms ‘come from‘ is used in place of the word ‘originates‘.
Sentence 2 is false because it is “9,500 years ago, not “a few 100 years ago”.
Sentence 3 is not in the lesson –NOT GIVEN. There is no information about South Americans being the first to eat Chiles.
Now let’s practice the full reading!
Do the following statements agree with the information in the text? Mark them:
BILLION if the statement agrees with the text
F if the statement does not agree with the text
LANGUAGE if there is no information about this in the text
Chiles originated in South America and have been eaten for at least 9,500 years. Organized cultivation began around 5,400BC. Christopher Columbus was the first European to encounter chilies, when he landed on the island of Hispaniola in 1492. He thought it was a type of pepper and called it the “red pepper”, a name still used today. After their introduction to Europe they were an immediate sensation and were quickly incorporated into the diet. From there they spread to Africa, India and East Asia.
The reason for the chili’s “hotness” lies in a chemical called Capsaisin. Capsaisin causes temporary irritation to the trigeminal cells, which are the pain receptors in the mouth, nose and throat. After the pain messages are transmitted to the brain, endorphins, natural pain killers, are released and these not only kill the pain but give the chili eater a short lived natural high. Other side effects include: an increased heart rate, a running nose and
increased salivation and sweating, which can have a cooling effect in hot climates.
The reason for the presence of Capsaisin is thought to be to deter animals from eating the fruit. Only mammals feel the burning effects; birds feel nothing. As birds are a better method of distributing the seeds, which pass intact through their guts, Capsaisin would seem to be a result of natural selection.
The smaller chilies tend to be the hottest. This may reflect the fact that they tend to grow closer to the ground and are therefore more vulnerable to animals. The heat of a chili is measured on the Scoville scale. The hottest types such as the Habenero and the Scotch Bonnet rate between 100,000 and 300,000, the world famous Tabasco sauceÒ rates at 15,000 to 30,000, about the same as the Thai prik khoe nu, while the popular Jalapeno is between 5,000 and 15,000. Powdered chili is 500 to 1,000 and the mild capsicins and paprikas can range between 100 and 0.
Instructions for solving problems
Chilies became popular as soon as they were brought into Europe
“After their introduction to Europe they were an immediate sensation and were quickly incorporated into the diet”
The answer is True because we can see:
Became popular = sensation
As soon as = immediately
Brought into = introduced
Capsaisin damages the mouth
Capsaisin causes temporary irritation of the trigeminal cells.
The answer is FASLE because the affirmative statement ‘damage‘. The opposite meaning of the phrase “temporary irritation‘.
Chilies can be part of a birds diet
Only mammals feel the burning effects; birds feel nothing. As birds are a better method of distributing the seeds, which pass intact through their guts
The answer is TRUE because the above sentence indicates that “birds feel nothing” means “chiles are eaten by birds”. In other words “chiles can be a part of a birds diet”
All large chilies grow high off the ground
The smaller chilies tend to be the hottest. This may reflect the fact that they tend to grow closer to the ground and are therefore more vulnerable to animals.
We can see the information “chiles grow closer to the ground”. So it can be guessed that many tall trees grow taller than the ground. However, it is impossible to guess “all large chiles‘. Okay. So the answer is Not Given.
People breed chilies for their heat
The heat of a chili is measured on the Scoville scale.
The answer is NOT GIVEN. We are given information on heat, describing what it is like, but no information on “people breed chiles”.
Hopefully, through the analysis, you will have a better understanding of this type of article. Wish you all the best on IELTS-fighter!