IELTS Reading topic Science

The lesson will work with you to learn the Vocabulary + Grammar and common writing techniques on the topic of Science. Let’s start the lesson.

Language Development

Vocabulary

Everyone try to look up on the Cambridge or Oxford dictionary to find out the meaning of the word, remember how to use it longer.

English

Phonetic

Vietnamese

Obesity (n)

bisəti/

Excess (n)

/kˈses/

Accumulate (v)

/əˈkjumjəlet/

Adverse (adj)

/ˈædvrs/

Life expectancy (n)

/ˈlaf kspektənsi/

Primarily (adv)

/pramerəli/

Gene (n)

/dʒin/

Disorder (n)

/dsrdər/

Expenditure (n)

/kˈspendtr/

Exercise 1. Write the words above next to their meaning

first.…………………………..

aa unit inside a cell that controls a particular quality in a living thing that has been passed on from its parents

2.…………………………..

b. an illness that causes a part of the body to stop functioning correctly

3. …………………….

c. the act of spending or using money; an amount of money spent

4……………..

d. mainly

5.…………………….

e. negative and unpleasant; not likely to produce a good result

6……………..

f. accumulate something to fought get more and more of something over a period of time

7……………..

g. more than is necessary, reasonable or acceptable

8…………………………..

H. the quality or fact of being very fat, in a way that is not healthy

9……………..

i. the number of years that a person is likely to live; the length of time that something is likely to exist or continue for

Exercise 2. Fill in the blank with suitable words

1…………….. can increase the risk of heart disease.

2. The budget provided for a total……………………. of £27 billion.

3. Lack of money will have an …………. effect on our research programme.

4…………….. for both men and women has greatly improved in the past 20 years.

5. Consumption of fatty acids may help prevent the ………….

6. Children fought…………. knowledge as they grow up.

7. In the 1790s Britain was still ……………………. an agricultural country

8. The ……………………. is passed on to their children

9. Although the donations were in …………………… of one million dollars, few reached the homeless who the money was intended to help.

Grammar

Passive voice

Active sentence structure: S + V + O

Passive sentence structure: S + be + V3

The passive sentence structure is in any tense form, then divide tobe according to the tense.

If a sentence has a verb and two objects, if you want to emphasize the object, you will often use that object to change it to the subject of the passive sentence. In the general case, the chosen object is the indirect object.

Example. I gave him a book = I gave a book to him = He was given a book (by me).

Exercise 3. Change these sentences into passive voice.

1. The waiter brought me this dish.

2. Our friends send these postcards to us.

3. Their grandmother told them this story when they visited her last week.

4. Tim ordered this train ticket for his mother.

5. She showed her ticket to the airline agent.

6. Jim baked this cake yesterday.

7. They are going to buy a new apartment next year.

8. The shop assistant handed these boxes to the customer.

9. The board awarded the first prize to the reporter.

10. Have you sent the Christmas cards to your family?

Exercise 4. Change these questions into passive voice.

1. When will you do the work?

2. How are you going to deal with this problem?

3. How do you spend this amount of money?

4. I wonder whether the board of directors will choose Susan or Jane for the position.

5. How did the police find the lost man?

Exam Focus

Short answer questions

Instructions for making Short Answer Questions

– The answers will appear in the correct order of the reading passages;

– Read the question first, then start reading the passage. Understand the meaning of the question;

– Note the instruction ‘NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER.’

– Note that the answer is not necessarily grammatically correct. As long as the question is correct;

– Do not answer with personal opinions, take information from the reading passages;

– Keywords in the question are usually Nouns (noun) or Noun phrases (noun phrase);

– When finding keywords, always think about synonyms – synonyms and paraphrases.

Tactics for homework

– Read the instructions carefully and note down the word limit to answer;

– Reading comprehension questions;

– Underline keywords in the question;

– Thinking into synonyms -synonyms and paraphrases for those keywords;

– Find the answer (the part of the passage containing the answer information);

– Reread the question;

– Read the passage with no answer again to make sure the answer is correct;

– Continue reading and answer the follow-up question;

Answer:

Language Development. Exercise 1

first

Gene

6

Accumulate

2

Disorder

7

Excess

3

Expenditure

8

Obesity

4

Primarily

9

Life expectancy

5

Adverse

Language Development. Exercise 2

first

obesity

6

accumulate

2

expenditure

7

preeminent

3

adverse

8

gene

4

life expectancy

9

excess

5

disorder

Language Development. Exercise 3

first

This dish is brought to me (by the waiter).

2

These postcards are sent to us (by our friend).

3

This story was told to them (by their grandmother) when they visited her last week.

4

This train ticket was ordered for Tim’s mother.

5

The special cameras weren’t showed to me.

6

Her ticket was showed to the airline agent (by her).

7

This cake was baked by Jim yesterday.

8

A new apartment is going to be bought next year.

9

The first prize was awarded to the reporter by the board.

ten

Have the Christmas cards been sent to your family by you?

Language Development. Exercise 4

first

When will the work be done?

2

How is this problem going to be deal?

3

How is this amount of money spent?

4

I wonder whether Susan or Jane will be chosen by the board of directors for the position.

5

How was the lost man found by the police?

Please refer to the application. Continue doing the exercises below.

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