Because the characteristics of Process and Maps are quite different, these two types of articles need to be clearly explained. For the Process type, the focus of the Process lesson is different from the number one, because everything you need to say is already “exposed” on the diagram. What we need to do is assemble those words into complete sentences, and connect the following sentences to make sense.
=> You can see details: How to write Maps – Writing task 1
As the name suggests, the join words in Process will usually be words about order, because you will describe the steps or stages of creating something. You can go by a fairly safe framework like this:
- Paraphrase at the beginning of the article
- general comment
- first, … => second, … => Next, … =>
This is a good place to start, and if you haven’t yet mastered this layout, you’ll need to focus on practicing writing complete simple sentences and correct verb conjugations before making the above layout more complicated.
a. Paraphrase at the beginning of the article
Like many other Task 1 exercises, your opening paragraph is always a paraphrase of the given topic. So you also have to paraphrase the same 2 parts as the word chart question diagram and verb show.
Unlike the chart, in Process, there is only 1 word to replace diagram to be picture. So don’t worry too much about this word. There are words left show can be replaced with one of the following words: demonstrate/ demonstrate/ represent/ exhibit.
Take a look at the following chart:
The diagram below shows the various stages involved in the production of beer.
One thing that you need to understand about the Process lesson is that you no need to understand this diagram I can only write articles, although the more I understand, the better. The Process lesson simply wants to challenge you: I give you these nouns and verbs, give me a meaningful passage.
b. Please pay attention to the topic:
The diagram below shows the various stages get involved in the production of beer.
This is the sentence that we need to paraphrase. As mentioned above, you can paraphrase diagram and show Fort picture and show already. In the rest, usually the Process topic is divided into 2 types: production out something, or cycle of something, and it usually gives these words as nouns (production of beer). You can paraphrase in the following ways:
- Using “how”: production of beer => how beer is produced
- Use verbs: the various stages get involved the production of beer => the different steps big produce beer.
After we have paraphrased the topic, we will have to write a general comment. This is a statement that outlines what stage this process begins with and with what stage it ends. You have 2 ways to handle this sentence:
- Write a new sentence: The picture demonstrates the different steps to produce beer. It begins with … and ends with …
- Connect to the opening sentence: The picture demonstrates the different steps to produce beer, beginning with … and ending with …
Remember, grammatically, after the word with, we have to use a noun or a V-ing verb, so don’t be hasty and quickly grab the verb in the picture to enter J
And this is where we write the body of the article. With that said you can follow the safe layout: First, … Second, … Next, … Finally, … The part you need to do now is turn the nouns in the picture into sentences. Look at the picture here and identify the nouns and verbs. Whenever to produce something, we also have a starting material. In this post, we have malted barley. So, what do we do with this material?
malted barley => milling => mashing => lautering => spent grain animal feed.
As you can see, the V-ing verbs here are actions to do with the raw material malted barley this. So, when you write it into a sentence, you have to change it into the passive voice.
Not: malted barley is milling and mashing and lautering. Which is: malted barley is milled, mashed and lautered.
Looking in the graph, we see the appearance of noun more, for example water or spelt grain nice animal feed. These nouns fall into one of two groups: The product is created or product be added. Can see, water is what is added, while spelt grain and animal feed is what is created. We can write:
first, the production of beer begins with the milling of malted barley. Then, it will be added with water to be mashed and lautered. At the end of this process, spent grain is collected to feed the animals.
The paragraph above is perfectly fine to use. To make it better, you add objects or machines that perform these actions. We can see the action mill and lauter all made in one barrel/oven. If you are not sure, write a generic word like containers.
first, the production of beer begins with the milling of malted barley. Then, it will be added with water to be mashed and lautered print containers. At the end of this process, spent grain is collected to feed the animals.
At a later stage, you can see the mixture left after the lauter process is transferred to boil. Think for a moment, what if boil (boil) then what is boiled must be liquid right? So, from now on, your new noun will be the lidquid.
We have a new phase
liquid => boiling (+ sugar + hops) => whirlpool => cooling. You can write:
After the spent grain is separatedthe liquid is passed to another container big boiled with sugar and hops. Then it will be transferred to a whirlpool. Next, it will be cooled.
Let’s look at the last two sentences. They are two rather short and terse sentences – something we always avoid in Writing. If there are sentences like this, you can put them together. A pretty good point of Process is the sequence of it, so you can connect it beautifully with two simple words like before or after.
After the spent grain is separatedthe liquid is passed to another container big boiled with sugar and hops. Then, it will be transferred to a whirlpool before cooling.
After the spent grain is separatedthe liquid is passed to another container big boiled with sugar and hops. Then, after being transferred to a whirlpool, it will be cooled.
This before and after connection should be used a lot in the lesson, as it is a clever way to turn a long sentence into a short one, or to mention an idea that you don’t have the vocabulary to say. For example, look at the cooling phase. Chances are you don’t know what a cooling machine is. Me too. If we express it in the above way (… before cooling), we will both mention this stage and cleverly cover up the words we don’t know.
With the above rules, you can easily write the rest of the article as follows:
The cooled liquid is then added to a combination of carbon dioxide and yeast for fermentation. After fermenting, the mixture will be left to mature in another container. The matured beer is then ready for filtering and packaging in which it will be bottled, pumped into kegs or loaded onto trucks for delivery.
We can have a complete post quite simply like this:
The picture demonstrates the different steps to produce beer. The procedure starts with the processing of malted barley and ends with the packaging of beer.
First, the production of beer begins with the milling of malted barley. Then, it will be added with water to be mashed and lautered in separate containers. At the end of this process, spent grain is collected to feed the animals.
After the spent grain is separated, the liquid is passed to another container to be boiled with sugar and hops. Then, it will be transferred to a whirlpool before cooling.
The cooled liquid is then added to a combination of carbon dioxide and yeast to be fermented. After fermenting, the mixture will be left to mature in another container. The matured beer is then ready for filtering and packaging in which it will be bottled, pumped into kegs or loaded onto trucks for delivery.
There is one more point you need to keep in mind about this article, and that is to avoid abusing the “safe” construct mentioned at the beginning. Instead of machines, “1”st,… 2nd, … finally, …”, sequences are marked with the end of the previous step. This style of writing makes it easier for the reader to follow the content and helps the writer to use a variety of sentence structures.