How to give first aid when bitten by a snake

Except for a few venomous snakes called venomous snakes, most snakes that are usually not dangerous are called healthy snakes. It is essential to identify what type of snake it is in order to promptly notify medical personnel for appropriate antisera treatment.
Venomous snakes have 2 families:
Snake family: ground cobra, king tiger, cat tiger, scorpion, scorpion
The family of vipers: green vipers, indigo crows

Recognizing signs
A quick look at the bite helps to determine if a venomous snake has bitten by the following signs:
A lot of swelling, a lot of pain at the place of the bite
The bite has 2 venom marks
Green snakes:
. Local signs: swelling, bruising, necrosis and blistering skin filled with fluid
. Coagulation disorders: bleeding of the skin, mucous membranes
Snakes they support:
. Few spot signs
. Systemic signs: dizziness, nausea, shortness of breath, weakness in the limbs

Things to do
Reassure the victim to prevent the venom from spreading rapidly
Prevent the venom from spreading throughout the body
Take the victim to a medical facility

How to give first aid
Any snake bite, even if it is determined to be a healthy snake, should be closely monitored as a case of venomous snakebite, at least for the first 6 hours. Especially when bitten by a poisonous snake or suspected of being bitten by a venomous snake, it is necessary to take immediate first aid measures and quickly take the victim to a medical facility.
First aid method:
Let the victim lie still, reassure them
Immobilize and place the bite site lower than the heart to limit absorption of venom
Wash the wound with soap and water
Cover the bite with cool gauze to reduce pain and swelling
Put an elastic bandage or clean cloth over the wound and above it.
Quickly take the victim to a medical facility to determine the type of snake bite and inject the appropriate antivenom.

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Things to avoid
Do not go over the wound because it can cause necrosis of the limb
Do not make incisions, squeeze the wound to remove the venom because it is not effective at present, causing bleeding, infection and increased absorption of venom.
Do not apply leaves of unknown species to the wound because it can cause necrosis, infection, and aggravate the bite.

Prevent
Wearing high boots and wearing long pants that cover your shoes is best when walking in thick grass or areas with lots of snakes
Learn the types of venomous snakes, identification by shape and habitat
Widespread clearing around the house

BS CKII NGUYEN MINH TIEN
CITY CHILDREN’S HOSPITAL

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