[Healthline] What science is studying about the second person in the world who can cure HIV on his own (Part 2)

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We have certainly made amazing strides in the treatment of HIV.

Currently there may not be a cure for the disease, but there have been many improvements in antiretroviral therapy, which, if HIV patients adhere to regular treatment, can achieve “undetectable” status.

Undetectable status means that a person’s viral load is suppressed to such a low level that they will not pass the virus on to a sexual partner.

It also means that these people can live long, healthy lives, living with a disease that was once a death sentence, at the height of the HIV crisis and turning it into a chronic, potentially life-threatening condition. controllable.

Of course, inequality persists, like most other aspects of health care.

Those who are rich, white, or live in areas with clear, effective, and widespread public health messages will have many resources to make these efforts possible.

As all aspects of the HIV crisis continue, we too can do more and better.

Scott explained that COVID-19 has shown us how to use science to deal with a pandemic for the virus it causes. You could create a vaccine that triggers an immune response, similar to what happens when someone recovers from an infection.

He added that the way HIV works is very different. It integrates into a person’s genome and “integrates into long-lived cells, which can be activated even when no viral load is detected, while it remains dormant in the body.” “.

“So there isn’t a really effective strategy to get rid of these ‘sleeping’ cells, so it’s safe to say that HIV could allow someone to ‘recover’ from the disease,” said Scott. functionally or ‘prolonged remission’, which are some of the terms that have been used.”

“In short, we don’t really understand what kind of response in the immune system would allow the patient to reach that state.”

As for the Esperanza patient, Deeks writes that the data from the new report shows that her “immune response did what it was supposed to do very early on in the viral infection, before the antibody response fully appeared.” “.

Deeks believes this has implications for better understanding our body’s immune response to viruses like HIV.

“This suggests that our immune systems have parts designed to respond immediately to infection, which will be key to finding an effective treatment,” he wrote.

Looking to the future ahead

Nearly 2 years living in a pandemic has affected everyone’s lives, how to deal with their health and those around them, it has put a larger magnifying lens on public health and the way we against viruses.

Scott gives an example of recent advances in the treatment of hepatitis C and the research sheds light on how the body fights the virus.

Whether it’s the coronavirus, hepatitis C or HIV, we are in an era where all resources, energy and innovation are directed towards addressing health threats that affect millions of people. million people worldwide.

What does the Esperanza patient study mean in the long run for the path to a cure for HIV?

“These stories have a huge impact,” writes Deeks. “They provide evidence of the potential for a cure and are the impetus for the long-term path seen by most to a widely used, safe, and effective cure.” .”

Scott reiterated that we have to be clear that there is still no cure for HIV after cases like this.

This is possible in the future, but we have not yet achieved it.

“The authors of the paper did a great job of establishing that it is not certain that this patient has a definitive cure for HIV,” he said. Which means they just can’t find HIV multiplying with these tests, so I think we need to be careful.

“We can be excited, but we need to be careful and cautious when interpreting these findings,” says Scott. Hopefully it will provide us with new insights to find a cure for HIV.”

The source : Healthline

Links: https://www.healthline.com/health-news/a-2nd-person-may-have-been-naturally-cured-of-hiv-what-science-is-learning

Translated by: Tuyet Duong

The article is translated and edited by ykhoa.org – please do not reup without permission!

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