Communication English to Medicine: Ask about English digestive system disease

ask about digestive system diseases

Hello friends!
Last week we were presented with an OPQRST or SOCRATES form of inquiry. Link part 3 here. Continuing the series of English medical communication series this week, I will go into more depth about questions about digestive system diseases.

Classification of abdominal pain symptoms

When asking about a gastrointestinal tract (gastrointestinal tract), the patient will experience a typical symptom of abdominal pain (abdominal pain). Notably, abdominal pain symptoms will be divided into several categories:

– Acute abdominal pain (acute abdominal pain): is a condition that requires immediate, immediate surgical intervention.

– Chronic abdominal pain – It is necessary to distinguish between an acute exacerbation of chronic abdominal pain (an acute exacerbation of chronic abdominal pain).

– Nonspecific abdominal pain (Abdominal pain with unknown location)

– Referred pain (Reference pain)

– Somatic pain (Body pain / systemic pain)

– Visceral pain (Visceral pain)

Start to ask about diseases of the English digestive system like?

When we initiate a conversation with the sick person, we can use initial statements to reassure them, to make them feel comfortable and stress-free:

– I’m sorry to hear that you are having abdominal pain. Can you tell me more about it? (I am very sorry to see you have a stomachache. Can you tell more?). Remember, let the sick person describe their story and don’t interrupt.

– When did your abdominal pain begin? (When did you have a stomachache?). Listen carefully to the details that can help make a differential diagnosis.

– I can tell that this abdominal pain is very uncomfortable for you; I’d like to ask you some questions so I can understand what is causing your pain. (I know that this abdominal pain is causing you pain; I want to ask a few questions to better understand what caused this pain. )

Start to ask about digestive system diseases like?

Question form to approach patients with abdominal pain.

After a good introduction, we can apply the OPQRST or SOCRATES questionnaire. In this post, I will guide you to add a sample questionnaire to approach patients with colic.

– Provocation: What makes the pain worse or better? (The factor is increasing / decreasing the pain?)

– Quality: What is the character of the pain? (Nature of the pain?)

– Radiation: Does the pain radiate? (Does the pain spread?)

– Severity: Rate the pain on a scale from 0 to 10 (with 0 being no pain and 10 being the worst pain possible) (Please rate the pain level from 0 to 10, where 0 is painless and 10 is the most painful) .

– Timing / Treatment: How long have you had the pain? (How long have you been in pain?), Has the pain been persistent or intermittent over this period of time? (Has the pain persisted or has it been during this time?), What has been done to treat the pain? (What did you do to get rid of the pain?).

Question form to approach patients with abdominal pain.

Questions about English digestive system disease

Relevant symptoms are also important and contribute to suggest an accurate diagnosis. We should explore questions surrounding issues such as:

– Change in bowel habit / bowel movements: Have you had any change in bowel habits? How often do you have bowel movements? (Change in bowel habits: Have you changed your bowel habits? / How many times have you had bowel movements?)

– Dysphagia: Do you have difficulty swallowing liquids / solids? (Difficulty swallowing: Are you having trouble drinking / swallowing solid foods?)

– Rectal bleeding: How much blood is there? What shade of red is the blood? Light or dark? Mixed within stools? (Bloody stools: How much blood? What is the color of the blood? Fresh or dark? Mixed with stools?)

– Vomitting: What color is the vomit? Is there blood in the vomit? How much? How often? (Vomiting: What color is the vomit? Is there any blood mixed with the vomitus? How much? How many times?)

Questions about digestive system diseases

Some questions about the patient’s history

And don’t forget, exploiting the medical history as the patient can provide extremely useful information for the diagnosis. “Doctors and other students:

– Past medical history: Do you have any medical problems? (Medical history: Do you have any medical / medical problems?)

– Drug history: Do you take any regular medication? (Medication History: Do you take it regularly?)

– Family history: Is there anyone in your family with…? (Family history: Does anyone in your family have…?)

– Social history: Do you live alone? Do you have any family or friends living nearby? (Social income: Do you live alone? Is anyone in your family or friends near you?)

Voilà !!! So we already know how to ask a disease when meeting a patient with colic symptoms, let’s practice by commenting on the types of questions below, or if there is any question you do not know, you can compare Let me discuss with you. See you next time in Anhvanyds’ English for Medical Communication series.

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