Diabetes insipidus (die-uh-BEE-teze in-SIP-uh-dus) is a disease diabetes insipidus (DI). Diabetes insipidus is a disorder of the body’s ability to balance water. The patient’s kidneys are no longer able to hold water, causing frequent urination.
Terminology for the classification of diabetes insipidus
1) central diabetes insipidus: central diabetes insipidus
This is the most common form of diabetes insipidus and is caused by damage to the pituitary gland or the hypothalamus. This damage means that ADH cannot be produced, stored, and used normally. Without ADH, large amounts of fluid are excreted in the urine. This type of diabetes insipidus is usually the result of:
- Head injury.
- The disease causes swelling of the brain.
- Loss of blood supply to the pituitary gland.
- Due to heredity.
2) nephrogenic diabetes insipidus: nephrogenic diabetes insipidus
Certain genetic defects can damage the kidneys, making them unable to respond to ADH. In addition, the causes of kidney failure can be:
- Drugs (lithium or tetracycline)
- High calcium content in the body.
- High levels of potassium in the body.
- Chronic kidney disease.
- Urinary tract obstruction.
3) dipsogenic diabetes insipidus: diabetes insipidus due to primary polydipsia
Primary polydipsia: This condition, also known as dipsogenic diabetes insipidus or psychogenic polydipsia, can cause the excretion of large amounts of dilute urine.
What is primary polydipsia? Primary polydipsia is primary polydipsia, a possible cause of diabetes insipidus due to primary polydipsia.
4) gestational diabetes insipidus: gastrointestinal insipidus
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