Hello, we will continue to learn some terms English in Diagnostic Imaging And today I will learn about lung lesions when reading chest X-ray.
Lung abnormalities mostly present as areas of INCREASED DENSITY, which can be divided into the following patterns:
Pulmonary abnormalities most often manifest as regions OF INCREASED, which can be divided into the following categories:
- Consolidation / kənˌsɑːlɪˈdeɪʃn / = airspace shadowing / ˈerspeɪs ˈʃædəʊɪŋ /: solidification
- Features of consolidation on a chest radiograph: Features of consolidation on a chest radiograph:
- Patchy shadowing: Shadows with unknown edges (patchy holes)
- Lobar or segmental density: lobe or segmental density
- Air bronchogram: air bronchogram
- No loss of lung volume: no loss of lung volume.
- Atelectasis / collapse / = collapse / collapse /: collapse of the lung
- General features of collapse on a chest radiograph include: General features of atelectasis on chest radiographs include:
- An increase in density, representing lung devoid of air (whiteness): Increase density, represent lung without air (white)
- Signs indicating decreased lung volume: Signs indicating decreased lung volume:
- displacement of mediastinum / trachea towards the collapsed lung: mediastinum / trachea shift toward the collapsed lung
- elevation of the hemidiaphragm: elevation diaphragm arch
- compensatory over- inflation of adjacent lobes or opposite lung: compensated hyperventilation of the adjacent lobes or the opposite lung.
- Nodule (<3cm) or mass (> 3cm): note (<3cm) or block (> 3cm)
- Solitary pulmonary node – SPN: Single pulmonary nodule
- Interstitial / ˌɪn tərˈstɪʃəl /: interstitial tissue
- Reticular / rɪˈtɪk yər /: grid
- Nodular / ˈnɒdʒ ə lər /: note type
- High attenuation / haɪ əˌtɛn yuˈeɪ ʃən /: high density
- Low attenuation / loʊ əˌtɛn yuˈeɪ ʃən /: low density
- emphysema / ˌɛm fəˈsi mə /: emphysema
- cystic disease / ˈsɪstɪk dɪˈziz /: cystic disease
Reference source: English in Diagnostic Imaging
Chest X-rays for Medical Students
Wish everyone a good study!