Anhvanyds – Lecture – Medical English terminology: Species growth

I read a Q&A on Quora and realized that indigenous professors specializing in biology, anatomy, and physiology can also have difficulty with in-depth and “weird” terms. What I found was the way to ask myself the problem and find the answer.

Q: What word is used specifically to describe a species that can grow in the absence of light?

Source: Prof.Ken Saladin


A: Good question! I can’t think of words to say that. Aphotic (a-: no; phot / o-: light) means “no light” but refers to the environmental aspect (such as the deep ocean floor) rather than the creatures that live there.

Excited to form a new word, I thought of the word scotophilic (scot / o-: dark; philic = fancy) .However, that would not distinguish between organisms that were able to grow without. light (like mushrooms) and creatures (if any) need shadows or actively avoid light.But then, since your question got me looking to Google, I see that word already exists in the Dictionary Oxford (Figure 1.2)

Species and related vocabulary
Figure 1
Species and related vocabulary
Figure 2

This leads to thinking that species that can survive without oxygen are different from those that need oxygen absence – arbitrary and obligatory anaerobes, respectively. obligatory or optional photophobes (opioid) or photophobes.

Scotophobia is a recognized word, but refers to man’s fear of the dark. Cotophilia means love of the dark or at night (or, second meaning, “love for Scotland or people Scotland ”), but does not necessarily imply the ability to live without light or require darkness.Another word for this is nyctophilia (nyct / o-: night, as in the genus Nycticorax there is the nocturnal, night cauldron) heron).

After reading this article “the growth species”, reminds me of many words that I use every day:

Applied when we talk about human vision in the daytime, more light is photopic vision and at night is scotopic vision.

As for the -philia (preferred) and -phobia suffixes, it is easy to see when talking about the structure of the cell membrane, with the head having a hydrophilic phosphate group (hydrophilic) and a hydrophobic (hydrophobic) fatty acid tail. more screening, the pathology of Hemophilia, neutrophil granulocytes, basophil and eosinophil …

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