Anhvanyds – Imaging of fatty liver

Before entering the article, I have a question: if you want to look up information about “Fatty Liver”, what English phrase do people usually google using?

Perhaps many people will use the word: “fatty liver” is that right? In fact, there is one more phrase that is synonymous: “Hepatic steatosis“.

🔥🔥🔥Fatty liver: belongs to the group LAY TERMS (casual words that non-majors can understand) and jargons (professional terminology), sentences that use simple, straightforward speech, these words, we can call them PLAIN ENGLISH (PLAIN LANGUAGE)

Hepatic steatosis: belongs to the group or also known as (specialized term).

🔔🔔🔔In the style of medicine, we need to distinguish these two types to improve the understanding of the other person. The more specialized terminology used when speaking to a patient, there is a risk that the patient will not understand, and thus communication goal cannot be achieved. We always need to estimate the “HEALTH LITERACY” level of the patient and family member (ie the degree to which they can understand health information) in order to use words accordingly. How to know if a word is lay term or technical term? At the end of the post I will mention some places where people can learn more about this.

🎯Main topic: common vocabulary when reading about the topic ‘Diagnosis of contaminant images’ Please:

👉1. Hepatic steatosis (fatty liver)

Hepatic steatosis / hi-ˈpa-tik / / ˌstē-ə-ˈtō-səs /: Fatty liver.

Original word:

Hepatic steatosis

Hepat / o-: liver

Steat / o-: fat

-osis: abnormal condition or disease


Hepatic steatosis See to an increase of intracellular fat in the liver.

Fatty liver refers to an increase in intracellular fat in the liver.

On imaging grounds, Hepatic steatosis Can broadly be divided into two groups.

➡️ On the picture, Fatty Liver can be divided into two groups.

Focal hepatic steatosis (focal hepatic fat): focal hepatic fat

Diffuse hepatic steatosis (diffuse hepatic fat): diffuse fatty liver

 Multifocal hepatic steatosis (rarely): Multifocal hepatic steatosis (rare)

👉2. Diffuse hepatic steatosis (diffuse hepatic fat)

Diffuse hepatic steatosis / di-ˈfyüs hi-ˈpa-tikˌstē-ə-ˈtō-səs /

Diffuse fatty liver


Diffuse hepatic steatosis, also known as fatty liver, is a common imaging finding and can lead to difficulties assessing the liver appearances, especially when associated with focal fatty sparing.

Diffuse fatty liver (Diffuse hepatic steatosis/ fatty liver) is a common imaging trait and can lead to difficulty assessing liver characteristics, especially when combined with non-fatty liver (conserved liver).

👉3. Focal hepatic steatosis (focal hepatic fat)

Focal hepatic steatosis / ˈFō-kəl hi-ˈpa-tik ˌstē-ə-ˈtō-səs /

Local GNM


Focal hepatic steatosis, also known as focal fatty infiltration, met small areas

of liver steatosis.

Localization (Focal hepatic steatosis/focal fatty infiltration)

👉4. Multifocal hepatic steatosis / məl-ti-ˈfō-kəl hi-ˈpa-tik ˌstē-ə-ˈtō-səs / GNM



Multifocal hepatic steatosis (also known as multifocal nodular hepatic steatosis) is the uncommon finding of multiple foci of focal fat in the liver mimicking – and at times being confused with – hepatic metastases.

Multifocal fatty liver (Multifocal hepatic steatosis/multifocal nodular hepatic steatosisIt is an uncommon feature of many foci that resemble localized fatty areas in the liver and is sometimes mistaken for liver metastasis.

👉5. Hepatocyte/ ˈHɛp ə təˌsaɪt /: Liver cells

Original word:

Hepat / o-: liver

Cyt / o-: cell

👉6. Fibrosis /faɪˈbroʊ.sɪs/: the condition of the fiber formation.

Original word:

Fibr / o-: fiber or fibrous tissue

-osis: abnormal condition or disease

👉7. Cirrhosis /səˈroʊ.sɪs/: Cirrhosis of the liver


Steatosis can lead to fibrosis and cirrhosis

Fatty status can lead to fibrosis and cirrhosis.

👉8. Radiographic features /ˌReɪ.di.oʊˈɡræf.ɪk /ˈfiː.tʃɚs/

Image characteristics


Radiographic features of Multifocal hepatic steatosis:

The steatotic lesions vary from several millimeters to centimeters in size. They lack mass effect (ie they do not displace hepatic vessels or other structures) and display no internal vascularity.

➡️ Image features of multifocal fatty liver:

Fatty lesions vary in size from a few millimeters to several centimeters. They have no mass effect (ie they do not deflect hepatic blood vessels or other structures) and exhibit no internal vascular distribution.

👉9. Hepatomegaly/ ˌHɛp ə toʊˈmɛg ə li /: Liver is big.

Original word:

megaly: abnormal enlargement.

Hepat/ o-: liver

👉10. Attenuation /əˌten.juˈeɪ.ʃən/ Sound absorption level (reduces the energy of sound waves)


General features of Diffuse hepatic steatosis include:

  • Mild hepatomegaly print ~ 75%
  • Attenuation/ Signal of liver shifted towards that of fat.
  • Focal fatty sparing.

Common features of diffuse fatty liver include:

  • Mild liver enlargement in ~ 75%
  • “The level of absorption of sound / signal from the liver to that of fat”
  • The preserved liver is not contaminated with fat.

🤔🤔🤔Regarding lay term, technical terms and many other aspects related to Medical English, you can refer to Mr. Tran Quang Hung’s page: 2760756034150726

Don’t forget to pay attention to “pronunciation” because it is so important!

P / s: Some medical words do not have an IPA dictionary, I will use more from

or to learn the pronunciation of words.

📣📣📣After you finish studying, comment a word you find hard to remember and difficult to pronounce to quickly remember that word!

If you have any comments, please comment for me. Wishing everyone a rewarding and enjoyable learning experience🥳🥳🥳

Vo Huong Andrea

Anhvanyds - Image diagnosis fatty liver - fatty liver
Diagnostic images fatty liver – fatty liver

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